5 Common Causes of Leg Pain

When your legs are chronically aching or otherwise painful, it can be difficult to stay active and do the activities you usually enjoy. Some types of leg pain are harmless and go away on their own, but others can cause serious complications without medical treatment.

At IYA Medical in Scottsdale, Arizona, our doctors specialize in identifying and treating the cause of your leg pain. Here, we discuss five of the most common causes of leg pain and what to do if you experience symptoms.

Why you experience leg pain

Legs are a complex area of your body, composed of bones, joints, tendons, muscles, tissues, blood vessels, and nerves. As a result, leg pain can have a large number of causes, ranging from minor to severe.

These are five of the most common causes of leg pain:


You can experience leg pain after you injure your legs at work, playing sports, or in an accident. You can have acute or chronic injuries to your bones, muscles, and ligaments.

A leg injury can range from a minor strain to a sprain, muscle tear, or broken or fractured bone. Serious leg injuries require medical intervention, such as a cast to heal a broken bone.


Arthritis is a common medical problem that causes your joints to be swollen, stiff, and painful. You can get arthritis in any joint, including your knees, hips, and ankles. 

You can manage the leg pain of arthritis through lifestyle changes, medication, and surgery.

Nerve damage

Damage to the nerves in your lower back, legs, and feet can cause pain as well as numbness in your legs. Common conditions that cause nerve damage in your lower extremities include sciatica, pinched nerves, and peripheral neuropathy.

Some pinched nerves improve on their own, but other nerve conditions require medical intervention and management. It’s especially important to have our doctors monitor peripheral neuropathy if you have diabetes.


Tendinitis occurs when the tendons that connect your muscles to your bones become irritated or inflamed. Tendinitis in your ankle or knee is a common cause of leg pain.

Tendinitis pain can improve through rest, icing the area, medications, and physical therapy.

Circulatory disorders

Problems with the circulation of your blood vessels or veins can cause cramping and pain in your legs. Possible circulatory disorders can include peripheral arterial disease, deep vein thrombosis, and varicose veins. 

Most circulatory disorders are chronic conditions that we can help you manage to avoid serious pain and complications. But some conditions, including deep vein thrombosis, can be life-threatening if not treated immediately.

What to do if you have leg pain

If your leg pain is severe or not improving after a few days, contact us at IYA Medical to schedule an evaluation. We perform a full diagnostic examination to determine the cause of your leg pain. From there, we determine the best treatment plan.

For assistance with any leg pain you’re experiencing, request your in-office or telehealth appointment with our specialists at IYA Medical in Scottsdale, Arizona.

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